Risk assessment of genetically modified carnation SHD-27531-4 (notification C/NL/13/01)
The Norwegian Environment Agency has requested the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety (VKM) to provide a scientific opinion on the notification C/NL/13/01 from Suntory Holding Ltd submitted under Part C of EU Directive 2001/18. The scope of notification C/NL/13/01 covers import, distribution and retailing of cut flowers of genetically modified carnation SHD-27531-4 for ornamental use in the EU/European Economic Area (EEA).
The flower petals of carnation SHD-27531-4 have a modified colour, a shade of purple (red-purple flowers), whereas the parental variety has pink flowers. The altered colour results from the expression of two newly introduced genes from Petunia x hybrida and Viola hortensis, respectively. The genes encode the enzymes dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR) and flavonoid 3′,5′-hydroxylase (F3′5′H) that enable biosynthesis of the anthocyanins (pigments) delphinidin and cyanidin in the flower petals. Carnation SHD-27531-4 also contains a mutated herbicide tolerance gene from Nicotiana tabacum, encoding the enzyme acetolactate synthase (ALS), used to facilitate the selection of GM plantlets during the genetic transformation process.
The risk assessment was published 5th of July 2016.
Risk assessment closed: 05.07.2016