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Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms

Risk assessment of genetically modified carnation FLO-40685-2 (notification C/NL/13/02)
Risk assessment of genetically modified carnation FLO-40685-2 (notification C/NL/13/02)
The Norwegian Environment Agency has requested the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety (VKM) to provide a scientific opinion on the notification C/NL/13/02 from Suntory Holding Ltd submitted under Part C of EU Directive 2001/18. The scope of notification C/NL/13/02 covers import, distribution and retailing of cut flowers of genetically modified carnation FLO-40685-1 for ornamental use in the EU/European Economic Area (EEA).

The flower petals of carnation FLO-40685-2 have a modified deep purple colour whereas the parental variety (cream Cinderella) has white flowers. The altered colour results from the expression of two newly introduced genes from Petunia x hybrida and Viola hortensis, respectively. The genes encode the enzymes dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR) and flavonoid 3′,5′-hydroxylase (F3′5′H) that enable biosynthesis of the anthocyanidins (pigments) delphinidin and cyanidin in the flower petals. Carnation FLO-40685-2 also contains a mutated herbicide tolerance gene from Nicotiana tabacum, encoding the enzyme acetolactate synthase (ALS), used to facilitate the selection of GM plantlets during the genetic transformation process.

The risk assessment was published 17.08.2016. Last updated 18.08.2016.

Risk assessment closed: 17.08.2016

Contact details

VKM Secretariat
Phone: + 47 21 62 28 00
Email: vkm@vkm.no