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Risk assessment of «other substances»
Risk assessment of «other substances»
The Norwegian Food Safety Authority (NFSA) requests the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety (VKM) to assess the safety of “other substances” found on the Norwegian market

By 27th June 2016 VKM has published risk assessments of 29 "other substances" in food supplements and/or in energy drinks >

«Other substances» are substances other than vitamins and minerals, with a nutritional and/or physiological effect on the body. “Other substances” are mainly added to food supplements, but these may also be added to other foods and beverages, such as sports products and energy drinks. Ingestion of these substances in high amounts presents a potential risk for consumers.

In 2011, food supplements containing “other substances” constituted more than 50% of the market share.

At EU level, other substances” remain largely unregulated. In order to ensure safe use of “other substances” many countries have regulated their use at a national level. Denmark for instance has a positive list i.e. a list of substances with maximal daily doses, permitted for use in food supplements and other foods.

The Norwegian Food Safety Authority (NFSA) has recommended the Norwegian Ministry for health and care services to regulate the addition of “other substances” to food supplements and other foods at a national level. NFSA has suggested using the Danish regulation as a model while establishing a national regulatory framework. NFSA has further suggested that the establishment of a list of substances with permitted maximal doses should be based on the products and substances found on the Norwegian market.

In preparation for an eventual regulation, NFSA has requested the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety (VKM) to assess the safety of “other substances” found on the Norwegian market. NFSA, in consultation with the industry, has compiled a list of “other substances” found in products marketed in Norway.

Only substances with a purity of minimum 50% or concentrated 40 times or more have been included in the list. Substances regulated by other legislations like those for novel foods, food additives, aromas, foods for special medical purposes, etc. have been excluded from the list.

Terms of Reference

NFSA has requested VKM to

  • Prepare a guidance document outlining the methodology to be used for the safety assessments of “other substances” (Phase 2).
  • Assess the safety of “other substances” (in accordance to the guidance document developed in Phase 2) at the doses specified (Phase 3).
    • Safety assessments for “other substances” present in food supplements shall be carried out for a general population, ages 10 years and above.
    • Safety assessments for “other substances” present in energy drinks shall be carried out for a general population, ages 3 years and above. Drinking patterns reflecting a high acute intake, an average chronic intake and a high chronic intake should be assessed.

Please find attached a list of substances and daily doses as suggested on the products.

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Proposed timeline for completion: 2017

27.6.2016

On the agenda

Statement from VKM

Contact details

VKM Secretariat
Phone: + 47 21 62 28 00
Email: vkm@vkm.no